The Hanford NERP includes:
- Central Hanford, managed by DOE, inclusive of the 100 and 200 area industrial sites which contains nuclear production facilities in various stages of closure, and
The Hanford Reach National Monument, managed by the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Monument includes all of the lands north of the Columbia River
and the 312 square kilometers (120 square miles) Fitzner-Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve, which is
located on the western side of the site.
Research at the NERP has encompassed - plant and animal ecology, geology, hydrology (both surface and groundwater), climate, soils and soil/water interactions, and contaminant transport to name a few. Some of these studies have lasted over 50 years and have provided the foundation for several long-term ecological studies. While these studies were designed to answer specific research questions, the length and consistency of the records enable the data to be used to answer broader questions relating to the maintenance of species, environmental restoration, and land management.